Betula nigra

River Birch, Black Birch, Red Birch, Water Birch

Family: Betulaceae Birch

Type Tree
USDA Hardiness range 3B - 9A
Exposure Partial shade to full sun
Bloom color Brown
Bloom time Spring and Winter
Water needs Wet
Landscape uses Specimen, woodland garden
Height 25' to 50' / 7.60m to 15.20m
Spread 25' to 35' / 7.60m to 10.60m
Growth rate Fast
Persistence Deciduous, broadleaf
Bloom attributes Attracts butterflies
Leaf color Green
Fruit color Brown
Soil pH requirements Acidic, neutral
Soil type Sandy, clay, loamy
Form Oval, pyramidal, upright or erect
Attributes and features Attracts birds, native to North America, invasive